the officer found two sealed, large black industrial plastic bags.
When the officer opened one of the bags, he found several clear
freezer-type Ziploc bags. In each was what appeared to be marijuana. He replaced the contents, closed the box, put it back
inside the van and waited to obtain a search warrant to continue
his search of the van, the boxes and their contents.
 Apart from the box he opened and the contents of which
he examined, Det. Ward did not conduct any further search of
the van, open any other boxes or examine their contents.
 Detective Ward arranged for the van to be towed to a
police station to await issuance of a search warrant to permit a
more extensive search of the van and its contents.
The search warrant for the van
 Police obtained a telewarrant authorizing a search of the
van. The ITO included information about the surveillance on
September 30 and the further observations made on October 5,
including the boxes in the van and the contents of the box
opened by Det. Ward. The affiant also described the ongoing
investigation into the deluge of residential break-ins in the area
where the van was stopped and its occupants arrested.
 In the ITO the affiant noted Gonzales’ address as provided on the rental agreement for the van — [number omitted]
Gilley Road in Toronto — but failed to indicate that a property
search disclosed that Gonzales was also a co-owner of [number
 When the van was searched, police found a substantial
amount ( 252 lbs) of packaged marijuana. In a garbage bag
between the front seats of the van, police found $105,000 in
The search warrant for [number omitted] Hislop
 After the van was searched, police sought and obtained
a second search warrant for [number omitted] Hislop. The ITO
included the results of the search of the van, as well as Gonzales’
connection to the premises at [number omitted] Hislop.
 During a search of [number omitted] Hislop, police found
another 185 lbs of marijuana along with a large quantity of freezer-style Ziploc bags, vacuum sealer equipment, empty cardboard
boxes and $27,000 in cash. They also seized debt lists, cellphones,
a money counter, a firearm and several rounds of ammunition.
The trial proceedings
 The trial proceeded as a blended voir dire and trial before
a judge of the Superior Court of Justice sitting without a jury.