school activities; and (5) the assault arose from or was connected
with the operation of the school.
The IAP Adjudication
 The IAP is a contractual component of the IRSSA that pro-
vides for the post-class litigation assessment of the individual
claims of class members. The IAP consists of three levels of adju-
dication under the supervision of the chief adjudicator. Adjudica-
tors use an inquisitorial model. Only parties may call witnesses or
produce evidence, but adjudicators manage hearings, question all
witnesses and test evidence through cross-examination. The pro-
cess was described by Brown J., the Western Administrative
Judge, in Fontaine v. Canada (Attorney General),  B.C.J.
No. 1154, 2012 BCSC 839, at paras. 29-30, as follows:
The hearings are to be inquisitorial in nature and the process is designed to
minimize further harm to claimants. The adjudicator presiding over the
hearing is charged with asking questions to elicit the testimony of claim-
ants. Counsel for the parties may suggest questions or areas to explore to
the adjudicator but they do not question claimants directly.
The hearings are meant to be considerate of the claimant’s comfort and
wellbeing but they also serve an adjudicative purpose where evidence
and credibility are tested to ensure that legitimate claims are compensated
and false claims are weeded out.
 The IAP empowers adjudicators to make binding findings
on credibility, liability and compensation within defined standards. Claimants must meet the civil standard of proof on a balance of probabilities to show an entitlement to compensation.
Adjudicators are required to issue decisions outlining key factual
findings and their rationale for finding or not finding compensa-bility within the IAP, and for the compensation assessed, if any.
The adjudicator’s reasons
 The adjudicator found M.F.’s testimony credible and concluded that he had suffered the abuse he described. However,
the adjudicator found that M.F. had not established on a balance
of probabilities that he met the IAP test for non-resident/non-student claimants.
 She noted that M.F. testified that he was abused for a
period of two years, from the ages of about ten to 12, when he had
been an altar boy. That would place the abuse after the date in
1958, when the school closed and after Father B.’s employment at
the IRS had terminated. Even if she accepted that the abuse
occurred when M.F. was eight years old, the school closed in June
1958, one month after M.F.’s eighth birthday, making it unlikely
that M.F. had been recruited, trained as an altar boy and sexually