(c) be satisfied that the request was signed and dated by the person
— or by another person under subsection (4) — before two independent witnesses who then also signed and dated the request;
(d) ensure that the person has been informed that they may, at any
time and in any manner, withdraw their request;
(e) ensure that another medical practitioner or nurse practitioner
has provided a written opinion confirming that the person meets
all of the criteria set out in subsection (1);
(f) be satisfied that they and the other medical practitioner or nurse
practitioner referred to in paragraph (e) are independent;
(g) ensure that there are at least 10 clear days between the day on
which the request was signed by or on behalf of the person and the
day on which the medical assistance in dying is provided or — if
they and the other medical practitioner or nurse practitioner
referred to in paragraph (e) are both of the opinion that the person’s death, or the loss of their capacity to provide informed
consent, is imminent — any shorter period that the first medical
practitioner or nurse practitioner considers appropriate in the
(h) immediately before providing the medical assistance in dying,
give the person an opportunity to withdraw their request and
ensure that the person gives express consent to receive medical
assistance in dying; and
( i) if the person has difficulty communicating, take all necessary
measures to provide a reliable means by which the person may
understand the information that is provided to them and com-
municate their decision.
. . . . .
Reasonable knowledge, care and skill
(7) Medical assistance in dying must be provided with reasonable
knowledge, care and skill and in accordance with any applicable provincial
laws, rules or standards.
. . . . .
(9) For greater certainty, nothing in this section compels an individual to
provide or assist in providing medical assistance in dying.
Failure to comply with safeguards
241.3 A medical practitioner or nurse practitioner who, in providing medi-
cal assistance in dying, knowingly fails to comply with all of the require-
ments set out in paragraphs 241.2(3)(b) to ( i) and subsection 241.2(8) is
guilty of an offence and is liable
(a) on conviction on indictment, to a term of imprisonment of not
more than five years; or
(b) on summary conviction, to a term of imprisonment of not more
than 18 months.