Dr. Barker developed intensive therapy programs to treat
patients at Oak Ridge. He believed that intensive therapy was
an alternative to what otherwise would be lengthy incarceration.
Dr. Barker published papers on the topic of human experimentation with mind-altering drugs and with intense group therapy
methods where patients would be involved in treating each
other. He authored the following papers, among others: (a) “The
Insane Criminal as Therapist” (with M.H. Mason) (1968), 10:4
The Canadian Journal of Corrections 4; (b) “Buber Behind Bars”
(with M.H. Mason) (1968), 13 Canadian Psychiatric Assoc.
Journal, 61; (c) “Defence-Disruptive Therapy” (with M.H. Mason
and J. Wilson) (1969), 14:4 Canadian Psychiatric Assoc. Journal
355; (d) “LSD in a Coercive Milieu Therapy Program” (with M.F.
Buck) (1977), 22:6 Canadian Psychiatric Assoc. Journal 311; and
(e) “The Total Encounter Capsule” (with Alan J. McLauchlin)
(1977), 22:6 Canadian Psychiatric Assoc. Journal 355.
 Dr. Maier was licensed to practice medicine by the College
of Physicians and Surgeons, and he had a specialty in psychiatry.
He completed his residency at Oak Ridge between 1972 and 1973,
and on about July 1, 1973, was appointed clinical director of the
Social Therapy Unit. He served in this position until about June
30, 1978, with an interruption for one year during 1976-1977.
 Following the departure of Drs. Barker and Maier,
Dr. Julia Reilly, another psychiatrist, was the director of the
Social Therapy Unit, and she continued until 1983. Dr. Reilly
was a duly licensed psychiatrist employed by the Crown as unit
director from September 1980 to 1986.
 Dr. Tate was a duly licensed psychologist employed by
Oak Ridge from 1976 to 1978. Drs. Boyd, Reilly and Tate are not
defendants but are the subject of allegations or mentioned in the
statement of claim.
 The Crown is the employer of the physicians at Oak Ridge
and is vicariously liable for them.
 The programs developed by Dr. Barker to treat the
patients at Oak Ridge utilized, among other techniques, solitary
confinement, group confinement in close quarters, sensory deprivation, physical force and constraint, discipline and punishment, the administration of hallucinogens and delirium-producing drugs, including LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide,
a drug that produces hallucinations, delusions and psychotic
behaviour), and brainwashing techniques developed by the CIA
(Central Intelligence Agency) in the United States.
 There were three main programs: (1) DDT (
Defence-Disruptive Therapy); (2) MAPP (Motivation, Attitude, Participation Program); and (3) the Capsule Program (Total Encounter