The rule addressed four topics: ( i) when the survivor benefit would become payable (on the death of the pensioner);
( ii) how much would be paid (one-half of the pension); ( iii) who
was entitled (the pensioner’s widow or, alternatively, his estate);
and ( iv) for how long (for life if payable to a widow, for ten years
following retirement if to the estate).
 In my view, the wording of rule 6(6) is clear. Entitlement
arose upon John’s death. That was the date on which Cora’s
status was to be determined. If she was John’s “widow” at that
time, entitlement commenced and continues throughout her lifetime. If not, CNR’s position has been and continues to be correct.
 “Widow” is not defined in the plan, the Rules or the
PBSA. Counsel for the CNR provided the following definition
drawn from Black’s Law Dictionary:
A woman whose husband has died and who has not remarried.4
 In the Concise Oxford English Dictionary, “widow” is
defined to mean:
A woman who has lost her husband by death and has not married again.5
 Cora and John were divorced effective September 6, 1992.
At that time, they ceased to be spouses. To use the language of
the time, John ceased to be Cora’s husband and she ceased to be
his wife. John did not have a “widow” when he died almost 11
years later. Rule 6(6)(a) was never operative.
 Even if not statute-barred, I must regrettably conclude
that Cora did not have entitlement to a survivor benefit under
E. Conclusion and Costs
 For the reasons given, the action is dismissed. If costs are
sought by the CNR, written submissions not exceeding five
pages may be submitted on or before February 23 and March 12,
2018 by the CNR and Cora, respectively.
4 9th ed. (St. Paul: Thomson Reuters, 2009).
5 11th ed. (revised) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).