and the nature of the drug. D.C. Canepa was also shown a photo
of Mr. Williams, and D.C. Hewson told him that she had dealt
with Mr. Williams in the past, but did not go into detail. Based
on his past experience as an undercover police officer, D.C.
Canepa chose not to ask for further information before making
 That same evening, D.C. Canepa called the number he was
given. The following conversation occurred:
Canepa: You around?
Male: Who is this?
Canepa: It’s Vinny.
Male: Vinny who?
Canepa: Vinny. Jesse from Queen and Jarvis gave me your name . . . your
number. Said you could help me out. I need 80.
Male: Okay. You have to come to me.
Canepa: Okay. Where?
Male: Queen and Dufferin.
Canepa: Okay. It’ll take me a few because I’m at Yonge & Bloor.
Male: Okay, hurry up.
Canepa: I’ll call you when I get there.
Male: Okay. What you want, soft or hard?
Canepa: Hard. Hard buddy.
 D.C. Canepa testified that in saying “I need 80” and
“Hard”, he was looking for $80 of crack cocaine. He also testified
that “You around?” was meant to ask whether the male was in
the area and available to “deal”.
 After several further calls, D.C. Canepa met Mr. Williams
and bought $80 of crack cocaine from him. On February 22, 2011,
he arranged a second transaction and bought another $80 of
 On March 15, 2011, police arrested Mr. Williams. During a
subsequent search, police found a handgun and a box of ammunition in his clothing. He was also carrying a small amount of marijuana and two cellphones.