a live audition at Coburn in Los Angeles, on February 20, 2014.
Mr. Abramovitz and his parents flew to Los Angeles for this audition, which was conducted in front of a committee of faculty
members including Mr. Gilad. After the audition, Mr. Abramovitz
was told that he could expect a decision by April 1, 2014.
(b) The relationship between the parties
 Ms. Lee and Mr. Abramovitz were both music students at
McGill. In September 2013, they began an intimate relationship
with each other. It progressed quickly. By mid-October, Mr.
Abramovitz was staying at Ms. Lee’s apartment virtually full-time.
 Mr. Abramovitz trusted Ms. Lee. He let her use his laptop
computer. He gave her his passwords. By the winter of 2014, the
parties were a “couple” by any measure, and Mr. Abramovitz
trusted Ms. Lee as his partner.
(c) The delict
 Coburn got back to Mr. Abramowitz, by e-mail, on March
27, 2014. Coburn accepted Mr. Abramovitz, offered him a place to
study with Mr. Gilad, with a full scholarship.
 Ms. Lee accessed Mr. Abramovitz’s e-mail. She intercepted
the acceptance e-mail. She responded to it, in Mr. Abramovitz’s
name, declining the offer because he would “be elsewhere”. Ms.
Lee then deleted the acceptance e-mail. She then composed and
sent an e-mail to Mr. Abramovitz, purportedly from Mr. Gilad,
using an e-mail address she apparently established herself:
email@example.com. In this fake e-mail, Ms. Lee wrote that
Mr. Abramovitz had not been accepted at Coburn. Instead, Ms. Lee
wrote (under Mr. Gilad’s name), Mr. Abramovitz was offered
a position studying with Mr. Gilad at the University of Southern
California (“USC”) with a scholarship of US$5,000 per year. Annual tuition at USC was about US$51,000, so Mr. Abramovitz would
be required to pay the difference and his other living expenses
himself, something he could not afford to do. Ms. Lee knew about
Mr. Abramovitz’s financial circumstances and that he would not be
able to accept the fake offer she had created for a position at USC.
 Mr. Abramovitz was completely taken in by this deception. He believed that he had failed to win a place at Coburn. He
did not have the financial resources to attend USC on the basis
offered and so declined that offer (by response to the fake e-mail
address in Mr. Gilad’s name). As a consequence, Mr. Abramovitz
lost the two-year full-scholarship opportunity to study with
Mr. Gilad. He stayed in Montreal and completed his music
degree at McGill.