a claim against her for that amount, which she has chosen not to
defend. I take judicial notice that, from the time the claim was
issued, continuing to this day, the US dollar has been worth
appreciably more than the Canadian dollar. I have calculated the
damages at US$334,000, which is more than the amount claimed.
In the result, there will be judgment for Mr. Abramovitz for
$300,000 in general damages, as claimed.
Punitive and Aggravated Damages
 This was despicable conduct by Ms. Lee. It is sufficiently
blameworthy to merit awards of punitive and aggravated damages.
I award $25,000 in punitive damages to address the reprehensible
betrayal of trust by Ms. Lee, aptly described by Mr. Gilad as an
“unthinkable, immoral act”. This award expresses this court’s
revulsion at what Ms. Lee has done. The quantum may seem
modest, but this must be placed in context: the general damages
are nominally high, and are certainly more than sufficient to
deter Ms. Lee and others from this kind of conduct in future. The
symbolic award of punitive damages is more than nominal, under
our jurisprudence, and should be taken as very strong condemnation of morally reprehensible conduct.
 I award $25,000 in aggravated damages, representing the
incompensable personal loss suffered by Mr. Abramovitz by having
a closely held personal dream snatched from him by a person he
trusted. The general damages reflect financial losses; the aggravated damages are modest recognition of the anguish and hurt
that has cost Mr. Abramovitz no money, but which has nonetheless
 This is a case for substantial indemnity costs, which I fix
at $25,000, all inclusive.
Abramovitz c. Lee
Cour supérieure de justice, le juge Corbett 13 juin 2018
Dommages-intérêts — Dommages-intérêts majorés — Le demandeur
présente une demande d’admission à un prestigieux conservatoire de
musique en Californie — Le conservatoire envoie son acceptation par
courriel et offre une bourse complète au demandeur — La défenderesse
intercepte le courriel et décline l’offre au nom du demandeur — La