care for their child the next day so she could study. She was at
this time nearing the completion of high school through an outreach centre for single mothers.
 The next morning, Jane left the house to catch the bus.
N.M. chased after her. He drove to the bus stop where Jane was
waiting, got out of the car and wrestled her to the ground. He forcibly removed her shoes so that she would be forced to return to
his parents’ home. When Jane did not return to the house on
foot, N.M. forced Jane into his car. She was upset, angry and crying. N.M. grabbed her head and smashed it into the passenger
side window. Jane pulled the mirror down and, seeing that she
was bleeding, ripped off the sun visor in shock.
 N.M. was angry that Jane had damaged the car. He
parked in the driveway and came around to her side of the car.
Jane tried to lock the doors so that he could not hurt her, but he
dragged her out of the car by her feet and shoved her into his
parents’ house. Jane yelled, “if you keep this up I will call the
police”. N.M. responded that he did not care and that calling the
police would not stop him. He said that he would kill Jane if she
kept “doing this stuff”.
 N.M.s’ father, A.M., had remained with M.K. at the M.s’
house when N.M. left to chase after Jane. After N.M. dragged
Jane, bleeding, through the garage and into the house, A.M. came
downstairs and began to argue with him. Jane used this opportunity to call the police. When she told N.M. and A.M. what she
had done, N.M. went upstairs, stole money from A.M. and left.
The police came to the house and took statements from A.M. and
Jane. N.M. was later charged with and convicted of assault.
Verbal abuse and threatening texts after March 2014
 As a result of the March 2014 assault, the Children’s Aid
Society became involved. N.M. was prohibited from living with or
having contact with Jane or M.K. Jane moved into a women’s
shelter. She completed her high school education and graduated
in June 2014.
 N.M. began demanding that Jane visit the M.s’ house so
that he could see M.K. Struggling with the demands of single
parenthood and hoping to foster a bond between N.M. and M.K.,
Jane gave in to these demands. During her visits to the M.s’
house, N.M. continued to make derogatory comments about Jane.
He also sent her threatening text messages. He told Jane to kill
herself or that he would kill her. In November 2015, Jane told
N.M. that the text messages were a crime and were illegal. The
text messages stopped.