his debilitating injuries. She clearly owed him a duty of care as an invitee to
her property. Though the extent and nature of the injuries were not specifically foreseeable by her, I find that Jean Millar could have and should have
foreseen that her brother could likely be injured if he arrived at the scene.
I find that the injuries sustained were a natural and probable result of her
failing to call the police with a 911 call in a timely way that evening instead of
calling her brother to come to protect her.18
The M.s’ breach of the standard of care
 I find, based on the evidence, that
— the M.s frequently witnessed N.M.s’ physical and verbal
abuse of Jane;
— on numerous occasions, A.M. walked into a room where N.M.
was choking Jane or dragging her down stairs; and
— the M.s saw bruises caused by N.M.s’ physically violent
behaviour to Jane. Once, F.M. asked Jane how she had gotten
the bruises, and Jane told her that N.M. had given them to
 The M.s clearly knew about N.M.s’ abuse of the plaintiff
while in their home. They saw it occur. They also saw Jane’s
bruises. They heard N.M. say degrading and threatening things to
her. In light of this, it was reasonably foreseeable to both A.M.
and F.M. that N.M. would assault and batter Jane, as he had in
 Knowing of the risk of ongoing injury to Jane, the M.s had
a duty to take reasonable care to keep her safe while she was in
their home. When they first witnessed him physically abusing
her, they could have called the police or intervened to prevent further violent acts against Jane. They took no steps, however, to
intervene or prevent N.M.s’ abuse. Instead, they confined their
involvement to sometimes yelling at N.M. to “get off that girl”.
 I find that the M.s were negligent and breached their duty
as occupiers under the OLA.
 I do not think, nor did Jane contend, that the M.s are liable for N.M.s’ posting of the sexually explicit video. He apparently
used his mother’s computer to do this, but there is nothing to
suggest that the M.s knew about the video, or that they could
have reasonably foreseen that their son would post it as revenge
for his arrest for assaulting Jane.
18 Millar, at para. 230.