degrading names and told her she should kill herself. More than
once, he threatened to kill her or injure her.
 As a result of this physical and verbal abuse, Jane says
she lived in an atmosphere of fear from January 2014 to March
2014. She describes how, during the September 2013 incident, she
was “sick, bruised, half-naked with no money for bus fare”. After
N.M. physically pushed her out of the M.s’ house, she went to her
aunt’s house and cried for hours. During the March 2014 attack,
N.M. left Jane outside in the snow without shoes. She tried to
lock the car door so he would not hurt her. When she threatened
to call the police, N.M. said that he did not care and that calling
the police would not stop her. He said that he would kill Jane if
she kept “doing this stuff”.
 Jane says that she was assaulted, battered, violated physically and emotionally and humiliated as a result of N.M.s’ conduct. She sought psychological therapy both during and after her
 In Constantini v. Constantini, Parantz J. did an extensive
review of damages awards in cases of assault and battery between
spouses.43 In some cases, the victim suffered serious and permanent physical injuries, attracting general damage awards of
approximately $66,000 to $170,000.44 In G. (D.) v. M. (R.), a woman
who had been assaulted and battered by her husband after
a night of drinking was awarded about $38,000.45 In that case,
however, the defendant also sexually assaulted the plaintiff.
 A lower range of general damages has typically been
awarded where domestic violence has not resulted in any per-
manent physical injury. Cases with some similarity to this one
— Valenti v. Valenti:46 the defendant husband punched his wife
in the face and head, and forced her head into the walls of
the hallway. She was kicked and forced into a vehicle, where
he struck her in the face. She was terrified and tried to leave
the vehicle. Her eyes were swollen shut and she suffered
post-traumatic stress disorder. Adjusted for inflation, the
43 Supra (“Constantini”).
44 Megeval v. Megeval,  B.C.J. No. 2454, 1997 CanLII 3721 (S.C.); Shaw
v. Brunelle, supra; Bird v. Kohl,  B.C.J. No. 1994, 2012 BCSC 1424.
In each of the cases I have referred to, I have adjusted the amount of the
damages awarded to reflect inflation.
45  S.J. No. 464, 2012 SKQB 296.
46  O.J. No. 522, 21 R.F.L. (4th) 246 (Gen. Div.).