to treatment was not dealt with. R.C.’s hearing was adjourned
again, this time to August 10, 2017.
 The hearing resumed on August 10, 2017 to address the
merits of R.C.’s challenge to the involuntary admission and to
Dr. Klukach’s finding about R.C.’s incapacity to consent to treatment. At the hearing, Dr. Klukach was represented by counsel.
 At the August 10, 2017 hearing, R.C. was once again represented by Mr. Hiltz.
 However, after the hearing had commenced, R.C. said he
had a Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms right to represent himself, and he requested that he be permitted to do so. R.C.
was prepared to have Mr. Hiltz stay at the hearing to provide
assistance to him “if needed”.
 The Board acceded to R.C.’s request to represent himself.
 Mr. Hiltz remained present during the rest of the hearing,
but his assistance was not sought by R.C. There was one modest
involvement by Mr. Hiltz.
 As noted above, and as I will discuss in more detail below,
the ground of appeal advanced by amicus curiae is that in allowing the hearing to proceed as it did with R.C. acting for himself,
the Board erred by denying R.C. a procedurally fair hearing.
 The hearing was completed on August 10, 2017, and on
August 11, 2017, the Board released its decision. It confirmed
Dr. Klukach’s finding that R.C. was incapable of providing consent to the proposed treatment of antipsychotic medications.
 R.C. appealed the Board’s decision to this court.
 While the appeal to this court was pending, R.C. was dis-charged from CAMH, and he is no longer receiving treatment
from Dr. Klukach.
 R.C. appeared to argue the appeal. Amicus curiae also
appeared, as did counsel for Dr. Klukach.
 R.C. is in now in his 60s. In 1986, he was diagnosed as suffering from schizophrenia. His recent diagnosis is schizoaffective
disorder. He has a very extensive history of treatment for mental
health problems including several hospitalizations. I need not,
however, detail his history of mental illness, save to say that his
symptoms manifest themselves in stress, anxiety, agitation, irritation, paranoia, aggressive behaviour, disorganized and unfocused
thinking, denial of reality, impaired judgment and a pervasive and
deep delusional system. He manifested some of those symptoms
during the hearing of this appeal.
 At the time of the August 10, 2017 hearing before the
Board, R.C. was experiencing significant delusions. He believed