Entry to Whispers required payment of a fee or charge. The
money was collected near the entrance of the bar and kept in
the purse of a cashier.
 Shortly before the shootings, two men attended the bar and
grabbed the cashier’s purse containing the entry fees. A struggle
followed. The cashier pursued the assailants into the parking lot
outside the bar. She attempted to get her purse back. She went
after the robbers for the return of her purse because it contained
her identification, cellphone and car keys. The robbers insisted
that she go with them.
The bouncer intervenes
 Albert Grant was working as a bouncer at Whispers. When
he heard and saw the cashier struggling with some men over her
purse, Grant intervened. He yanked the cashier away from the
robbers. Her purse flew open. Money scattered all over. Several
patrons in the parking lot began picking up the money.
 When Grant saw the men reaching towards their clothes, he
yelled, “They have guns.” He headed back towards the entrance.
 As he approached the entrance to the bar, somebody ran
up behind Grant, who turned around, put the man in a headlock
and used his extendable baton to lock the man’s hands behind his
back. Grant then pulled the man down to the ground.
 Grant assured the man that he would not harm him and
would let him go without waiting for the police. Grant told the
man to stop struggling, to co-operate and to go with him. The
man kept saying “okay”, stopped struggling and began to
co-operate as Grant had advised him to do.
 As Grant released him, the man pulled out a gun and fired
three shots. Grant’s face felt numb. His ears were ringing. Grant
thought he had been shot.
 None of the shots hit Grant. Two shots hit two other men
in Grant’s vicinity. One died. The other survived.
The eyewitness testimony
 Neither Albert Grant, nor the cashier nor anybody else
present when the shooting occurred identified the shooter.