In the reasons that follow, I will explain why I have concluded that both appeals fail and should be dismissed.
The Background Facts
 The grounds of appeal advanced do not require a detailed
description of the circumstances of the offences to which the appel-
lant pleaded guilty. But the procedural history of the prosecution
and the removal proceedings are important to better understand
the grounds of appeal advanced and their determination.
The early history
 As a result of three separate incidents with his spouse in
the first half of 2015, the appellant pleaded guilty to and was
convicted of two counts of assault, one count of assault with
a weapon, two counts of failure to comply with a probation order
and single counts of break and enter with intent and uttering
threats. The dispositions included brief jail terms (taking into
account time spent in pre-disposition custody) followed by peri-
ods of probation.
 The terms of probation included requirements that the appellant keep the peace and be of good behaviour and that he not
communicate in any way with the complainant.
The October offences
 As a result of three separate incidents occurring on two
days in October 2015, about two months after he had been sen-
tenced on prior similar offences, the appellant was charged with
26 counts involving offences against the person and property of
his spouse and failures to comply with three separate probation
orders. Some of the offences were punishable by terms of impris-
onment of ten years or more.
 The appellant was detained in custody.
The immigration notice
 The appellant entered Canada when he was 14 years old
in 1996. He is a permanent resident and has not applied for
 While in custody on March 23, 2016, an Immigration
Enforcement Officer from the CBSA told the appellant that
he may be deemed inadmissible to Canada as a result of his previous convictions for break and enter with intent and assault
with a weapon. The officer explained that “serious criminality”
referred to crimes committed in Canada that were punished by
terms of imprisonment of at least six months. The officer also