the trailer, he asked C.R. how she felt and she responded she was
“a lot better now”. He said he then went fishing.
 G.F. said he returned to the trailer at 3:15 a.m., surprised
to find C.R. in bed under a blanket with R.B. He said he was
interested in engaging in sexual activity with R.B., and hinted at
C.R. to leave. He testified that C.R. said she liked them and
wanted to remain in the trailer. He asked the two if they had
kissed, and to his surprise, R.B. and C.R. began to kiss. G.F. was
uncertain as to whether he was welcome to participate in the
sexual activity, so he rubbed C.R.’s thigh over the blanket and she
responded by removing the blanket to let him touch her bare
thigh. The three of them then participated in what he described
as consensual oral and vaginal sex. Throughout the sexual
encounter, G.F. said he asked C.R. repeatedly if she was okay with
engaging in sex with them, and she assured him she was. He said
C.R. was coherent and alert throughout.
B. The Trial Judge’s Decision
 All parties agree that G.F. and R.B. engaged in sexual
relations with C.R. The trial judge concluded that C.R. did not
validly consent to the sexual activity. The trial judge was of the
view that the main issue in the trial was one of credibility. Both
C.R. and G.F. testified at trial.
 The trial judge found that C.R.’s testimony was consistent
and provided in a “straightforward fashion”: at para. 53. He was
“impressed” that her evidence was consistent with other accounts
of the Sunday night incident which she provided on different
occasions at trial: at para. 53. The trial judge, at para. 53, high-
lighted several examples of evidence, which he said supported
C.R.’s account, including the following:
— There were few, if any, inconsistencies between C.R.’s evi-
dence at the preliminary hearing and her testimony at trial.
— C.R.’s evidence was consistent with her police statement and
the information she gave to her aunt.
— C.R.’s evidence was also consistent with the injuries noted
by the nurse who examined her after the assault; C.R.’s
evidence was that the appellants sucked and licked her
breasts and had vaginal intercourse with her.
— C.R.’s evidence about the amount of alcohol she consumed
was consistent with the presence of a basketball-sized stain
of vomit on the mattress cover, and her evidence that she felt
nauseous and was so impaired by alcohol consumption that it
did not occur to her to call out for help during the assault.