and Freedoms rights were breached. She excluded the evidence
under s. 24(2) and entered an acquittal. The Crown’s appeal to
the Superior Court was allowed and a conviction entered.
 While leave to appeal was granted at the outset of the
appeal hearing, I would dismiss the appeal.
B. Overview of the Facts
 Microsoft provides cloud-based storage to registered users.
In May 2012, Microsoft became aware that a user had uploaded
41 files containing some 2,000 images of child pornography
between May 10 and May 19, 2012. As required by legislation,
Microsoft sent NCMEC
— the files containing child pornography;
— the date and time each file was uploaded;
— the user’s screen name (“John E.”);
— the user’s e-mail address (“[information omit-
ted]@ hotmail.com”); and
— the two IP addresses of the computer or computers used to
connect to the Internet and upload the files.
 NCMEC determined that the two IP addresses,
184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11, originated in Canada and forwarded the 41 CyberTipline reports to the R.C.M.P., in two
groups. The R.C.M.P. received 21 CyberTipline reports in
August 2012, and a further 20 CyberTipline reports in December 2012. I will refer to these collectively as “the NCMEC
 The R.C.M.P. viewed the images and believed the majority of
the images constituted child pornography under the Criminal
Code, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46, s. 163.1(1).
 The R.C.M.P. made a law enforcement request to Bell
Canada to identify its customer accounts that had the IP addresses
18.104.22.168 on May 10, 2012 at 11:24 p.m. UTC, and
22.214.171.124 on May 19, 2012 at 11:46 p.m. UTC. Bell Canada
provided its customer information. The first IP address was
associated with the account of a resident of N. Drive, Mississauga.
The second IP address was associated with the account of F.
Cusick at [information omitted] Queen Street, Mississauga. The
R.C.M.P. forwarded this information to Peel police.
 Peel police also viewed the files, formed the opinion that
they constituted child pornography under the Criminal Code, and
confirmed that the two IP addresses were in their jurisdiction. Peel
police conducted surveillance at each of the two addresses and