tools are reliable predictors of the future risk of recidivism in
Indigenous offenders. The court went on to find Mr. Awasis to
be a dangerous offender and imposed an indeterminate period of
 Moreover, actuarial testing was only one of many factors
taken into account by the experts in this case. They also considered
their own clinical assessment of the appellant together with other
information concerning him, such as his criminal history. Based
on their broad assessment of the appellant, both experts concluded
that he posed a moderate to high risk for both sexual and violent
recidivism. Placed in context, the concerns raised by the appellant
as to the reliability of the risk assessment tools as they apply to
Indigenous offenders do not undermine the force of the expert
evidence or the conclusions of the sentencing judge.
 In my view, there is no reasonable possibility on this record
that the verdict would have been any different had the two errors
committed by the sentencing judge not been made.
 For these reasons, I would dismiss the appeal.
The Christian Medical and Dental Society of Canada et
al. v. College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario;
Attorney General of Ontario et al., Intervenors*
[Indexed as: Christian Medical and Dental Society of Canada v. College of
Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario]
2019 ONCA 393
Court of Appeal for Ontario, Strathy C.J.O., Pepall and Fairburn JJ.A.
May 15, 2019
Charter of Rights and Freedoms — Equality rights — Ontario College
of Physicians and Surgeons policies that require physicians who object
to providing certain medical procedures on religious grounds to provide
effective referral not discriminating against those physicians on basis of
religion contrary to s. 15(1) of Charter — Canadian Charter of Rights
and Freedoms, s. 15(1).
Charter of Rights and Freedoms — Freedom of conscience and
religion — Ontario College of Physicians and Surgeons policies that
* Vous trouverez la traduction française à la p. 444, post.