Authorities referred to
College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario, The Practice Guide (Toronto:
CPSO, September 2007)
APPEAL from the order of the Divisional Court (Wilton-Siegel,
Lococo and Matheson JJ.) (2018), 140 O.R. (3d) 742,  O.J.
No. 505, 2018 ONSC 579 (Div. Ct.).
Eugene Meehan, Q.C., for appellants Christian Medical and
Dental Society of Canada, Canadian Federation of Catholic Physicians’ Societies, Dr. Michelle Korvemaker, Dr. Betty-Ann Story,
Dr. Isabel Nunes, Dr. Agnes Tanguay and Dr. Donato Gugliotta.
Albertos Polizogopoulos, for appellant Canadian Physicians for
Lisa Brownstone and Ruth Ainsworth, for respondent.
Shaun O’Brien and Karen Segal, for intervenor Women’s Legal
Education and Action Fund Inc.
Rahool Agarwal and Kate Findlay, for intervenor Canadian
Civil Liberties Association.
Kelly Doctor and Mary-Elizabeth Dill, for intervenor Dying
with Dignity Canada.
Emrys Davis and Grace McKeown, for intervenors Catholic
Civil Rights League, Faith and Freedom Alliance and Protection
of Conscience Project.
Timothy D. Chapman-Smith and Shanique M. Lake, for
intervenor Ontario Medical Association.
Michael Fenrick and Khalid Janmohamed, for intervenors
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, HIV & AIDS Legal Clinic
Ontario and Canadian Professional Association for Transgender
Alan Honner, for intervenor Justice Centre for Constitutional
Deina Warren, Derek B.M. Ross and Sarah E. Mix-Ross, for
intervenors Evangelical Fellowship of Canada, Assembly of Catholic
Bishops of Ontario and the Christian Legal Fellowship.
Gregory M. Sidlofsky, for intervenor B’nai Brith of Canada
League for Human Rights, Vaad Harabonim of Toronto and the
Centre for Israel and Jewish Affairs.
The judgment of the court was delivered by
STRATHY C.J.O.: —
 This appeal requires the court to reconcile a conflict between
patients’ access to medical services such as medical assistance in